The word "diamond" comes from the ancient Greek αδάμας – adámas "unbreakable".
Raw diamonds are converted into sparkling gems through a multi-step process called "cutting". This is a multi-stage process where the final goal is to produce facets with specific angles between them which would give luster to the jewel.
Diamond is a symbol of strength, courage, and purity. Since the ancient times diamonds were used as religious and occult objects. This gem was believed share its qualities with its owner and to protect him. It was also believed that wearing a diamond protected the owner from black magic and would drive away the bad spirits. If someone would try to place a curse on a person wearing a diamond, it would backfire placing the curse onto the person casting the spell. No wild animal would dare to attack a person wearing a diamond. It was also believed that this stone had medicinal qualities: could improve hearing, cure fever, pneumonia, bronchitis, hepatitis and so on.
Diamond is the hardest natural material known and this quality has been known since antiquity. The hardness of diamond contributes to its sustainability as a gemstone. Since it can only be scratched by another diamond, it does not lose its luster as easily as other gemstones.
Оnly about 20% of diamonds mined annually are gem-grade based on their clarity and absence of inclusions. The rest are the industrial-grade diamonds that are used in cutting and grinding tools and as semi-conductors.
Story by Irene (Beautyland)
Translated by Alla (Fleeting Stillness)